Thyroid cancer is cancer which affects the thyroid gland. According to the best dr for thyroid cancer, the symptoms of the condition might be absent. Although it doesn’t cause any signs or symptoms in the early phase, it may show the following symptoms when it starts growing:
- Feeling a lump or nodule through the skin on your neck
- Changes in the voice, or increase in hoarseness
- Difficulty in swallowing food
- Feeling Pain in the neck and throat
- Swelling in the lymph nodes in the neck
Thyroid cancer symptoms in females are almost the same as in males.
Despite the research, the exact causes of thyroid cancer cannot be pointed out. thyroid cancer occurs when the cells in the thyroid region undergo rapid growth and multiplication. HURTHLE CELL CANCER , though rare, can affect the thyroid gland.
If you feel that you have thyroid cancer symptoms, then request the doctor to do a check-up of your thyroid gland. Medullary thyroid cancer (mtc) is a different type of thyroid cancer which is infamous for spreading to other organs. It can also occur due to inheritance. According to the thyroid cancer hospital, various tests for diagnosing thyroid cancer are as follows:-
Your doctor examines for the presence of lumps, or nodules on your neck.
Although blood tests will not detect thyroid cancer, it will determine whether your thyroid gland is functioning alright.
Your doctor might order genetic testing if he suspects that your family history might be responsible.
The doctor may order a biopsy if you have a lump in the thyroid gland.
An ultrasound will help your doctor figure out information about your thyroid nodules.
PET scan and CT scans may also be used.
Papillary carcinoma (ptc) is a form of well-differentiated thyroid cancer that is caused due to radiation exposure. It forms an irregular solid or cystic mass in the thyroid gland. Best thyroid cancer doctors recommend various methods for treating thyroid cancer. The following methods are suggested for thyroid cancer treatment –
Surgery is a popular method for treating thyroid cancer. It is considered as one of the best treatment for thyroid cancer.
Radioactive Iodine Ablation
Radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation is used for the destruction of thyroid tissue is any is left behind after thyroid surgery.
Thyroid Hormone Therapy
Consumption of thyroid hormone pills will be required if all of your thyroid glands was removed in the surgery. These pills help inhibit leftover cancer cells from re-growing.
External beam radiation or X-ray therapy includes using radiation to destroy cancer cells. The therapy spans over several weeks. Thyroid cancer treatment cost is a variable factor which depends on the city and the clinic.
There are various stages according to the type of thyroid cancer and the patient’s age.
Papillary / Follicular Thyroid Cancer — Patients under Age 45
As mentioned, papillary thyroid carcinoma is papillary carcinoma (ptc) forms a mass in the thyroid gland which could be solid or cystic mass. The following stages are noted –
Stage I — The tumor is of any size and might have spread to the adjoining tissues or lymph nodes, but hasn’t spread to other parts of the body.
Stage II — The tumor is of any size and might have spread to the lymph nodes. Bones or lungs may also be affected by it.
Papillary / Follicular Thyroid Cancer (For Patients Aged 45 and Older)
Stage I – The cancer size is 2 centimetres or smaller and is present only in the thyroid.
Stage II — Your cancer size is more than 2 centimetres and less than 4 centimetres and is present only in the thyroid.
Stage III –The tumor size is more than 4 centimetres and has succeeded in spreading to the nearby tissues. It could also mean a smaller tumor that has reached the nearby lymph nodes.
Papillary and Follicular Thyroid Cancer, Stage IV
Stage IV can be classified into “A,” “B” and “C” categories-
Stage IVA – It is cancer that has spread beyond your thyroid to the lower layer of the skin, larynx, or trachea. A smaller sized tumor which has managed to enter distant lymph nodes is also included in stage IVA.
Stage IVB – It includes the tumor that has spread in the spine, major blood vessels or your lymph nodes.
Stage IVC –cancer that has spread far beyond the thyroid area and succeeded in getting to the distant sites of the body like your lungs, bones, and lymph nodes are included in this category.