Breast Cancer Treatment In Ludhiana, Punjab


Breast Cancer Treatment In Ludhiana, Punjab

Symptoms

In most cases, breast cancer does not have early symptoms. The symptoms can be discovered on screening mammography. The most common sign is to have a mass or new lump in the breast. Additionally, some of the possible symptoms are mentioned below:

  • Lump in the breast that is different from its surrounding area.
  • Redness or bloody discharge (bloody discharge).
  • Inverting of the nipple.
  • Some parts of the breast are swollen.
  • Breast skin changes
  • Lymph node changes
  • Puckering of breast skin
  • Breast Asymmetry
  • Puckering or Dimpling of the Breast Skin.

Causes

Different risk factors can increase the chances of developing breast cancer in women.

Although the risk factors are known but the cause or factors which develop cancer cells are not known. 

  • The normal breast cells can become cancerous because of the DNA mutations. Although, some of them are inherited and most of the changes in the breast cells are acquired during the lifetime. 
  • The cells grow through proto-oncogenes. If the cells mutate then the growth of the cells will increase and they are not in control. On the other hand, some are known as oncogenes which mean uncontrolled cell growth and lead to cancer.

Tests

Most breast-cancer tests are divided into 3 different categories:

  • Screening tests

A screening test is given routinely to the patient who appears healthy but suspects they are having this problem. Their purpose is to find the problem at the early stage before the symptoms increase and the cancer is easier to treat.

  • Diagnostic tests

Diagnostic tests are helpful when the person suspected to have the problem as they are experiencing the symptoms or the screening test have shown it. The tests help in knowing that the person has breast cancer and whether it is outside the breast. This way it also helps to give the Breast Cancer Treatment to the patient. 

  • Monitoring tests

Once the condition is diagnosed, different tests are used during and following treatment to monitor the patient’s condition. The test also helps in knowing the signs of occurrence.
According to your condition, the doctor will give you the treatment and it will determine the breast cancer surgery cost.

Diagnosis

When you visit the Breast Cancer hospital routine screening or the symptoms help to diagnose the problem. Several tests for breast cancer diagnosis:

Breast exam

The doctor will check the breasts to check the symptoms and lumps. During the examination, the doctor will ask you to stand or sit with the arms in different positions like above the head or by the sides. 

Imaging tests

Mammogram

This test is used in the initial stages of women’s breast cancer. The X-ray helps in showing the image which helps in detecting the abnormalities or lumps. According to the results, the doctor will do further testing. 

Ultrasound

The scan helps in differentiating between a fluid-filled cyst and solid mass. 

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging combines images of the breast to identify cancer or other abnormalities. Some cases, with high risk, are recommended to get the MRI. 

Biopsy

 In breast cancer biopsy, the doctor will take a sample tissue and send it to the laboratory for further analysis. It helps in showing whether it is cancerous or not. The biopsy helps indicate which type of cancer has developed and whether it is hormone-sensitive or not.

Treatments

Treatment option and Breast Cancer Treatment Cost will depend on different factors like stage & type of cancer, sensitivity to hormones, age, well-being, and individual preference.

Surgery 

The surgery will depend on the diagnosis and personal preference. Some of the types are:

  • Mastectomy
    In this surgery, the ducts, lobules, nipples, areola, and fatty tissues along with skin are removed. In some cases, the lymph nodes and chest wall muscles are removed.
  • Lumpectomy
    It helps in removing the tumor and healthy tissues are very small. This option helps prevent cancer from spreading.
  • Reconstruction
    After a mastectomy, the surgery will reconstruct the breast to make it look natural. This helps the person to deal with the psychological aspect of breast removal.

Radiation therapy
After surgery, radiation therapy can be done. The radiation helps target the tumor cells with controlled doses of radiation.

Chemotherapy

If the patient is at high risk then chemotherapy helps in killing the cancer cells. When it is done after surgery it is known as adjuvant chemotherapy.

In some cases, before surgery, it is done to shrink the tumor and make the removal effective. This is known as neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Hormone blocking therapy

Hormone blocking therapy is effective to prevent the hormone-sensitive breast cancer from coming back. After the surgery, the person may need to get it every 5 to 10 years. This treatment can affect fertility

Stages

Breast cancer stages are from 0 to 5:

Stage 0 

Stage 0 is DCIS which means cancer cells confined to the ducts in the breast and not spread into nearby tissue.

Stage 1

The cancer is around 2 centimeters wide or less but the lymph nodes are not affected.

Stage 2

The cancer is smaller than 2 cm and it has spread to lymph nodes or it can be around 2 to 5 cm.

Stage 3

The tumor spread to 4 to 9 lymph nodes and the primary tumor can be of any size. Cancer can spread near the internal mammary nodes or collarbone.

Stage 4

At this stage, the tumor can be any size and cancer spread to distant organs.
The best dr for breast cancer will determine the stage and which treatment will be best to treat cancer.