Lung cancer does not cause symptoms at an early stage. Its symptoms usually occur when the problem has advanced. Some of the symptoms are:
- Cough for a long time
- Coughing up blood, even if it is a small amount
- Able not to breathe properly.
- Chest pain
- Bone Pain
- Losing weight
- Hoarseness (Abnormal voice change)
One of the major causes of lung cancer is smoking even if a person is exposed to second-hand smoking. However, this type of cancer can also occur if the person has never smoked. In such cases, the clear reason for lung cancer is not known. Just make sure to consult the best doctor for lung cancer treatment at the right time.
- Imaging tests
With X-ray, the imaged lung is shown which reveals a nodule. The CT scan will reveal small lesions in the lungs which are not visible on X-ray.
- Sputum cytology
If you have a cough and sputum (a mixture of saliva & mucus), then looking it under the microscope will help to show the lung cancer cells present.
- Tissue sample (biopsy)
With a biopsy, the abnormal cells are removed and it is done by different procedures like mediastinoscopy and bronchoscopy. The sample taken is evaluated in the lab very carefully.
The lung cancer diagnosis is different for every person. Your doctor will choose the test according to different factors:
- Medical history
- Physical examination results
Imaging tests help to know how much cancer has spread and which treatment will work the best. Some of the tests are:
- CT scan
- PET scan
- Bone scan
To check if something is suspicious then some of the tests are:
- Bronchoscopy biopsy
- Endobronchial ultrasound
- Mediastinoscopy and mediastinotomy
- Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery biopsy
- Fine needle aspiration biopsy
When you visit the lung cancer hospital the doctor will check the cancer cell cancer on two bases. The treatment plan will be based on the type of cancer you have. The 2 types of lung cancer are mentioned below:
- Small cell lung cancer
This type is more common in heavy smokers as compared to non-small lung cancers. This type of cancer spreads quickly and grow rapidly.
- Non-small cell lung cancer
Non-small cell lung cancer is a type of lung cancer that behaves in the same way. This includes large cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma. It is more common in people after the age of 65.
The treatment plan will be based on different factors:
- How much cancer has spread in the body?
- Side Effects
- Age & Overall health
This option is for the patients when cancer has not spread and it will treat non-small cell lung cancer. With surgery, the lung part is removed which has a tumor along with the tissues around it. In some cases, the entire lung needs to be removed.
Patients with non-small cell lung cancer but cannot have surgery then this option works the best. A thin needle is passed through the skin till the time it touches cancer and then an electric current is passed with heat to kill the cancer cells.
This option is best for small-cell and non-small lung cancer as it uses high-energy X-rays to destroy the tumor. In some cases, it is used in combination with chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy helps in killing the cancer cells in the body for both types of lung cancer. If the surgery does not work this can be your main treatment. The treatment will include a few rounds for several weeks. Oxygen therapy for lung cancer treatment is prescribed to patients with advanced lung cancer and is a suitable candidate for chemo.
If you think you have any symptoms or at risk of lung cancer then talk to the doctor about the test, diagnosis, and lung cancer treatment cost.