Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
The symptoms of cervical cancer are not noticed right away until it has reached a major stage. Some of the symptoms are:
- Pain when you have intercourse.
- Unusual vaginal bleeding
- Unusual vaginal discharge
Once cancer has spread it can cause:
- Bone pain
- Pelvic pain
- Weight loss
- Trouble peeing
- Swollen legs
- Kidney failure
- Lack of appetite
Causes of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer starts when there are unusual changes in the tissue. Most cases are associated with infection HPV (human papillomavirus). Well, various types of HPV can result in genital warts, skin warts, and other skin problems. Some cancers can affect the penis, anus, vagina, vulva, tonsils, and tongue. Well, you must seek the help of the best doctor to get the cervical warts treatment or for any type of cancer.
Tests for Cervical Cancer
The most important step is getting screened for cervical cancer. The test will help to know the changes in the cervical before they become a tumor. The screening test will include:
- Pap Test
In this test, the doctor will scrape the cells from the cervix which are examined in the laboratory. The test will help to know the abnormal cells in the cervix along with cancer cells which can increase the chances of this cancer.
- HPV Test
This test will help to identify the cells for any type of infection which can increase the risk of cervical tumors.
Diagnosis for Cervical Cancer
If cervical cancer is suspected, then the doctor will do a proper examination of the cervix and according to that Cervical Cancer Treatment will be given. The magnifying instrument is used to check the abnormal cells.
During the colposcopic examination, the doctor will take the cervical cells sample. To get the tissue the doctor will use:
- Punch biopsy
There will be the use of sharp tools to collect small samples of cervical tissue.
- Endocervical curettage
A small instrument (cruet) or thin brush is used to scrape the tissue from the cervix.
- Cone biopsy
This procedure is helpful in getting the cervical cells in deep layers. This test is done on the patient by using general anesthesia.
Stages of Cervical Cancer
In our Cervical Cancer hospital 4-stage system is used to diagnose the problem:
- Stage 0
Precancerous cells are present.
- Stage 1
Cancer cells have reached the deep tissues of the cervix which goes to the uterus.
- Stage 2:
Cancer cells have reached beyond the cervix & uterus but not far from the pelvis or vagina lower part.
- Stage 3
Cancer cells are present in the pelvic wall or lower part of the vagina which might block the ureters. It may or may not affect nearby lymph nodes.
- Stage 4
Cancer affects the rectum or bladder and it goes way beyond the pelvis. It might also spread to different organs like the liver, bones, lungs, and lymph nodes.
Treatment for Cervical cancer
The most important consideration is to choose the best treatment for cervical cancer. In that case, make sure to consult the best Cervical Cancer doctors and they will discuss the various options like surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or combinations of these. Dr. Amit Kumar Dhiman is the best Dr for Cervical Cancer who will give the treatment by considering the cancer stage, age, and overall health. According to the treatment needed the Cervical Cancer Treatment Cost will also be identified.
- Early-stage cervical cancer
At this point, surgery is the most common option. After surgery, radiation therapy can help to reduce cancer which might be present in the body.
- Advanced-Stage Cervical cancer
This is needed when cancer has reached other body parts. This will include radiation therapy or a combination of radiation therapy & chemotherapy.