Lymphoma


Lymphoma

Symptoms

Some of the signs and symptoms of lymphoma are mentioned below:

  • Painless swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, armpits or groin.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fever
  • Persistent fatigue
  • Night sweats
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Itchy skin

When should you consult the doctor?

Schedule an appointment with the doctor at the best Lymphoma Cancer hospital if you have persistent signs or symptoms.

Causes

The exact reason for lymphoma is not known. But the problem starts when the disease-fighting white blood cells known as lymphocyte develops genetic mutation. Due to this, the cells multiply themselves which results in lymphocytes disease to multiply itself.

Due to mutation, the cells continue to live whereas other normal cells would die. This results in too many ineffective lymph nodes and it makes the spleen, liver, and lymph nodes swell. 

Well, there are a few risk factors that can increase the chances of developing this disease. It includes personage, impaired immune system, infection (Epstein-Barr virus and Helicobacter), and the chances of developing this disease are high in males.

Tests

When you visit our doctor he will do a physical examination and check the lymph nodes swelling. However, swelling does not mean you have cancer. In most cases, the infection not related to cancer is the reason for the swollen lymph nodes. The doctor will do one of these tests to diagnose and manage the lymphoma in a better manner.

  • MRI
    MRI used powerful radio waves and magnets which help in taking the picture of organs and inside the body structure.
  • Chest X-ray
    In this case, radiation in low doses is used to make images of the inside of the chest.
  • Biopsy
    It is also known as bone marrow aspiration. The doctor will use a needle to remove the tissue or fluid from the bone marrow which is present inside the bone and here cells are made.
  • Molecular test
    This test helps in knowing the changes to proteins, genes, and other substances in cancer. The doctor will get to know what type of lymphoma you have.
  • PET scan
    With tests, the radioactive substance helps to know which type of cancer cells are present in the body.
  • Blood tests
    It helps in checking certain cells, other substances, or infection in the blood.

Diagnosis

Before any of the above tests are performed the doctor will know about your health by asking you some questions:

  • How are you feeling?
  • When did the symptoms become noticeable?
  • Do you have pain and where?
  • Are you eating enough?
  • Do you have a weight issue?
  • Do you feel tired all day long?
  • What are the current medical treatments and problems?
  • What about past medical history?
  • Has someone in the past faced the problem?

 

Treatments

The Lymphoma Treatment depends on what type of lymphoma you have and at what stage it is present. The main treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma are mentioned below:

  • Chemotherapy, which uses strong drugs or medications to kill cancer cells.
  • Targeted therapy that targets lymphoma cells to break their growth.
  • Radiation therapy, which uses high-energy rays to destroy tumor cells.
  • Immunotherapy, which uses your body immunity system to destroy tumor cells.

The main treatments for Hodgkin lymphoma are:

  • Immunotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy

If the treatment does not work then you might have a stem cell transplant. First, you need to get a high dose of chemotherapy as it kills cancer cells but the stem cells in the bone marrow are destroyed which makes new blood cells. Once chemotherapy is done, the patient gets a stem cell transplant which helps the cells to get destroyed. According to your condition the Lymphoma Treatment Cost will be evaluated.

How to take care of yourself?

The treatment leaves side effects so make sure you follow the recommendations given by your doctor. Your doctor will let you know about the dietary changes or any type of exercise regime you need to follow. To relieve fatigue you can include walking and swimming.
Stages
Stage 1

At stage 1, there is only one lymph node area which is tonsils or it can be outside the lymph system.

Stage 2

The lymphoma is in 2 or more groups that are present on the same side and it can include neck area or underarm.

Stage 3

At this stage, the lymph nodes are present on both sides or above the spleen.

Stage 4

The disease has spread to one organ which is outside the lymph system. It can affect the lung, liver, or bone marrow.