Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
The most common symptom is blood in the urine which can change the pee color to pink, darker red, or orange. If you have bladder cancer then the blood will come back but sometimes blood is not visible then the urine test is done.
If you notice these symptoms then schedule an appointment:
- Feel the urge to pee more than normal.
- Urine color changes.
- When you pee it hurts or burns.
- Feel the urge to pee even if the bladder is not full.
- Not able to pee.
Well, certain conditions will help you notice the bladder cancer is spreading like chronic lower back, losing weight, not feeling hungry, swollen feet, or feeling extremely tired.
Causes of Bladder Cancer
Well, the exact cause is not known. But, there are several things like family history, diabetes medications (actos), and other factors which increase the risk of urinary bladder cancer:
Tobacco contains harmful chemicals that have shown to increase the risk of bladder cancer by 50%.
- Harmful Chemicals
People who work as a painter, hairdresser, truck drivers, and printers are exposed to harmful chemicals which increase the risk of bladder cancer.
- Chemotherapy treatment
Patients are likely to develop bladder cancer if they have undergone radiation therapy or chemotherapy treatment.
- Bladder infection
In some cases, the bladder infection keeps coming back or some other problem which is irritating the bladder then you are at high risk of getting bladder cancer.
Test of Bladder cancer
The cystoscopy test helps to see the doctor the inside of the bladder and urethra to detect the disease symptoms.
During a cystoscopy, the doctor will pass a special tool into the bladder to collect the cell sample. This is referred to as TURBT. Turbt surgery helps to treat bladder cancer.
- Imaging tests
Imaging tests like CT urogram or retrograde pyelogram will help to determine the urinary tract structure.
Diagnosis of Bladder Cancer
Your doctor will ask your complete medical history and your overall health. After that physical examination is done which includes a pelvic examination. In case, the doctor finds something abnormal then other lab tests are done so that the patient gets effective bladder cancer treatment. The doctor might send you to the urologist to determine the disease affecting the urinary tract and the male reproductive organ.
Stages of Bladder Cancer
When you visit the Bladder Cancer hospital as per your diagnosis and evaluation the doctor will determine the bladder cancer stage:
- Stage I
Cancer has grown through the bladder inner lining but not the bladder muscle wall or distant organs.
- Stage II
Cancer has spread to the connective tissues and the bladder muscle layer. Turbt surgery helps to treat bladder cancer.
- Stage III
Cancer has reached the fatty tissue layer and might be in the vagina, uterus, or prostate.
- Stage IV
Cancer has reached the pelvic area or abdominal wall but it has not spread the lymph nodes. After that, it reaches the lymph nodes and then to the liver, lung, or bones.
Treatment of Bladder Cancer
The treatment option and bladder cancer treatment cost will depend on factors like cancer type, cancer grade or stage. According to that, the best bladder cancer doctors will determine the effective treatment plan.
To remove cancerous tissue
- Intravesical chemotherapy
To treat cancer which is confined to the bladder lining but has a high risk of high grade papillary urothelial carcinoma.
- Systemic Chemotherapy
To increase the chances of treating the problem with bladder removal.
- Radiation therapy
The primary treatment to destroy cancer cells where surgery is not needed.
After bladder removal, creating a new way in the body to pass the urine.