Stomach cancer, also known as adenocarcinoma starts in the cells that form the lining of the stomach. While cases of cancer in the main part of the stomach are falling, cancer in the gastroesophageal junction (where the esophagus meets the stomach) has become more common.
Symptoms of gastroesophageal junction cancer and stomach cancer are as follows:
- Feeling bloated after eating
- Feeling of fullness after eating small amounts of food
- Persistent heartburn
- Consistent severe indigestion that is always present
- Persistent nausea without any reason
- Persistent vomiting
- Stomach pain without any reason
- Unintentional weight loss
Stomach cancer treatment is readily available at various clinics. The following factors cause Stomach cancer:-
Cancer begins with a mutation in a cell’s DNA. The mutation causes triggers cell division at a rapid rate and invades nearby structures. Following factors increase the risk of getting stomach cancer-
- A diet high in smoked and salted foods can lead to stomach cancer
- A diet which is low in fruits and vegetables
- People having a family history of stomach cancer
- Getting Infected with Helicobacter pylori
- Chronic stomach inflammation
- Having the condition of Pernicious anemia
- Stomach polyps
Tests and Diagnosis
A large part of the stomach cancer treatment cost is used in testing and diagnosis. Various tests are available at stomach cancer hospitals across the country.
It involves passing a thin tube containing a tiny camera down your throat and into your stomach. The doctor looks for signs of cancer through the tube and proceeds to do a biopsy if he has any suspicion.
Imaging tests include computerized tomography (CT) scans and barium swallow (a special X-ray exam) for ascertaining the presence of cancer.
Best stomach cancer doctors recommend the following treatments –
It involves the removal of stomach cancer along with a margin of healthy tissue. The healthy tissue is removed to ensure that there are no chances of cancerous cells being left behind.
In radiation therapy, radioactive rays are used to kill the cancerous cells. This type of therapy is not used commonly as it can harm the nearby organs.
Chemotherapy is a treatment that uses cytotoxic medicines to stop the cancer cells from dividing and multiplying rapidly.
While chemotherapy targets all the rapidly dividing cells in general, whether cancer cells or healthy cells, targeted medications work only on cancer cells.
This treatment uses medicines that encourage the body’s immune system to attack cancer cells. It is used in people with advanced stomach cancer who have received other treatments.
Best dr for stomach cancer is available at various clinics. The clinic guarantees best treatment for stomach cancer.
Stage 0: This stage occurs when the cancer is seen only on the surface of the epithelium and has not grown into other layers of the stomach.
Stage IA: This stage shows the growth of cancer in the inner layer of the stomach wall that has not succeeded to spread to any lymph nodes or other organs.
Stage IB: This stage is identified if cancer has grown into the inner layers of the stomach wall and has not succeeded to spread to 1 to 2 lymph nodes.
Stage IIA: Stomach cancer is called stage IIA if the cancer is seen in the inner layer of the stomach wall and has spread to 3 to 6 lymph nodes but not anywhere else.
Stage IIB: Stomach cancer is called stage IIB if the cancer is seen in the inner layers of the stomach wall and has spread to 7 to 15 lymph nodes but not anywhere else elsewhere.
Stage IIIA: Stomach cancer is called stage IIIA if the cancer is seen in the outer muscular layers of the stomach wall and has spread to 7 to 15 lymph nodes but not to the adjoining organs.
Stage IIIB: Stomach cancer is called stage IIIB if the cancer is seen in the inner layer of the stomach wall or the outer muscular layers of the stomach wall and has succeeded to spread to 16 or more lymph nodes but not to the distant parts of the body
Stage IIIC: Stomach cancer is called stage IIIC if cancer shows growth through all of the muscular layers into the connective tissue and the peritoneal lining. 16 or more lymph nodes are affected by it but not the distant parts of the body.