Brain cancer is a condition caused by the abnormal growth of cells in the brain. The cancers can arise from the cells that form other brain components or from cancer cells that spread to the brain after developing in other organs. The latter case is known as metastatic or secondary brain cancer. Brain Cancer Treatment is readily available in India. There can be the growth of cells occurring in various organs which is not benign, which means it is noncancerous. On the other hand, a cancerous tumor is malignant. It means that the tumor consists of aggressively growing, abnormal-appearing cells which can prove to be fatal. Brain Cancer Treatment Cost varies with the city and the clinic.
Symptoms of Brain Cancer
Brain Cancer Treatment is readily available in India. Sometimes there may be a complete absence of symptoms. Sometimes, the following symptoms may be seen –
- Persistent or severe headache especially if it is felt in the early mornings
- Muscle weakness felt on one side of the body than another
- Paresthesias -a condition in which one feels that pins and needles are being pricked or a reduction in touch sensations
- Feeling clumsy, having problems with coordination, and balancing
- Difficulty in walking or feeling fatigued in arms and legs
- Getting seizures
Brain Cancer Causes
According to Brain Cancer Hospital, although the exact cause of most brain tumors is unknown, the following risk factors may attribute to the condition –
- Head’s Exposure to radiation
- A genetically inherited condition
- Being HIV positive
- Smoking Tobacco
- Exposure to Environmental toxins like embalming chemicals, chemicals used in oil refineries and rubber industry
Tests and Diagnosis of Brain Cancer
The Brain Cancer Treatment costs include the cost of the diagnostic tests. The following tests may be undertaken to determine the presence of brain cancer.-
- CT scan of the brain presents a 3-D X-ray like the image of the brain.
- A biopsy may be conducted if the tumor is suspected
- routine laboratory tests may be performed as people suffering from brain cancer often suffer from other medical problems so blood analysis, blood coagulation (clotting) profile, liver function tests should be conducted
- If the person shows a grave change in mental-status, then blood or urine tests may be conducted to determine if drug abuse is the reason.
- The MRI scan is the standard method used for the evaluation of the nature and extent of a brain tumor. Best Brain Doctors recommend MRI for getting the exact picture of the tumor.
The stages of brain cancer
The best doctor for Brain Cancer tells us that the stage of Brain cancers describes the extent of cancer. Brain cancer is divided into stages based on their cell type and grade. This is so because they seldom spread to other organs. It is in contrast with other cancers, which are divided into stages according to the location and spread of cancer cells. The cancer stages in other organs range from 0 to 4. Stage 4 is an indication that cancer has spread to another organ.
Glioblastoma treatment options include:
Surgery-It involves the removal of the glioblastoma. However, a complete removal isn’t possible as glioblastoma grows in the normal brain tissue. This calls for additional treatments post-surgery so that the remaining cells are destroyed.
Radiation therapy– Radiation therapy involves X-rays or protons, to destroy the cancer cells. In radiation therapy, you will be made to lie on a table while a machine will expose you to beams on specific points in the brain as it moves around you.
Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy uses a combination of various medicines to kill cancer cells. The doctor may put thin, circular wafers with chemotherapy medicine to enable the slow release of the medicine and destruction of cancer cells.
- Brain Tumor
- Brain Tumor Treatment
- Glioblastoma Multiforme
- Brain Tumor Types
The brain tumor is a condition in which there is a collection of abnormal cells in your brain. As the skull is a rigid covering on the brain, any uncontrolled growth inside it can lead to serious problems. Your brain might get damaged due to it, which can lead to a grave condition. Brain tumor treatment can be easily availed at neurological centres.
Treatment for brain cancer
A treatment plan is personalized for each brain cancer patient as it depends on the type of cancer, location, size, the patient’s general health, and the patient’s age. The patient’s wishes also have to be kept in the mind.
The major treatment categories for most brain cancers are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Best Treatment for Brain Cancer is a combination of these treatments may be used for patients.
Invasive surgery involves opening the skull and removing cancer. Radiation therapy destroys tumor cells with high-energy radiation which impair the functionality and replication ability of the tumor cells. Radiosurgery is a nonsurgical procedure that involves the exposure of the patient to a single high dose of focused radiation on the tumor. It helps in minimizing the amount of radiation given out to the healthy brain tissue. Chemotherapy tries to kill tumor cells using chemicals that are made specifically for the purpose.
Glioblastoma is a type of cancer that progresses aggressively. It is usually found to occur in the brain or spinal cord. Glioblastoma formation happens from cells known as astrocytes which play a supportive part in the nervous system.
The condition of Glioblastoma can occur in any age group, but it is more commonly seen in senior adults. It can lead to headaches, vomiting nausea, and seizures. It is a brain tumor that is quite difficult to treat.
Diagnosis: Tests and procedures for diagnosing glioblastoma are as follows:
Neurological exam: It includes checking your vision, balance, hearing coordination, reflexes, and strength. If you have problems in these areas, you might be affected by a brain tumor.
Imaging tests: These tests help in locating your brain tumor and also assessing the size. MRI imaging test may be used with MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy to diagnose brain tumors. CT scan and positron emission tomography (PET)may also be used for the same puropse.
Biopsy: A biopsy involves the extraction of a part of the tumor and getting it analyzed in a laboratory. This helps in determining the types of cells and their growth rate.
Types of brain tumors
Brain tumor types can be classified into various categories.
Primary brain tumors
The tumors which originate in your brain are called primary brain tumors. They can develop from the following:
- brain cells
- the membranes surrounding the brain( meninges)
- nerve cells or neurons
Primary tumors may be benign or cancerous. While Gliomas and meningiomas is more common adults, Medulloblastoma is found a mostly in children. Glioblastoma multiforme is known to be one of the most aggressive forms of cancer originating in the brain.
Secondary brain tumors
These are the tumors that originate in some other part of the body and spread to the brain. The following tumors can spread to the brain:
- breast cancer
- lung cancer
- skin cancer
- kidney cancer
Secondary brain tumors are necessarily malignant as benign tumors don’t have the quality of spreading from one part of your body to another.
Risk factors for a brain tumor
There are the following risk factors for brain tumors:
Nearly 5 to 10 % of all cancers come through inheritance. Genetical inheritance of a brain tumor is very rare. Yet, it is better to talk to your doctor if many people in the family have been diagnosed with a brain tumor.
There is an increased risk of brain tumors as age advances.
Brain tumors have been observed to be more common among Caucasians. African-American people are more prone to be affected by meningiomas.
Exposure to certain chemicals increases your chances of having brain cancer.
Exposure to radiation
Getting exposed to ionizing radiation which is given out during high-radiation cancer therapies, and nuclear fallout can lead to brain tumors.
Symptoms of a brain tumor
Symptoms of brain tumors are dependent on the location and size of the tumor. The symptoms include
- blurred vision or double vision
- a change in mental functioning