Some Facts About Oral Cancer
Oral cancer is one of the cancer types which develops in the oral or mouth cavity. It involves the head and neck. Oral cancer starts in the cells which line the throat and mouth. These are categorized as squamous cell carcinoma. In this topic, we will discuss in brief some of the facts about oral cancer.
Given below are some of the important facts shared by our cancer doctor about oral cancer:
Oral cancer is divided into stages
Like other cancer types, oral cancer is divided into stages. Oral cancer is based on the TNM staging system:
- T means tumor size
- N means the tumor has reached the lymph nodes.
- M means the tumor has reached other body parts.
To determine your condition, our doctors at cancer hospitals will do the different tests and examine on which stage you are. Some of the tests include:
- CT scan
- MRI scan
- PET scan
People who smoke and drink in excess are at increased risk of oral cancer
Smoking and excess consumption of alcohol will increase the risk of oral cancer. Some of the studies have shown that people who smoke are at 100 times increased risk of getting diagnosed with oral cancer as compared to those who do not smoke.
Too much sun exposure is one of the risk factors
Going out in the sun without wearing sunscreen or getting increased tanning treatment increases the risk of lip cancer. So, it is important to wear a lip balm with SPF so that the sun does not damage your skin excessively.
However, oral cancer due to UV rays has declined. This is because people are getting aware of how to protect themselves from sun exposure.
Timely Diagnosis and treatment is important
Like with any other treatment if you get the early diagnosis and treatment plan it will reduce the chances of cancer getting spread to other body parts. In case, if you have persistent pain and mouth sores then you need to visit the dentist right away. He will help to detect the symptoms at the right time by doing physical examination or biopsy.
In most cases, the mouth symptoms are not cancer. But if the symptoms are persistent and without any reason then you need to seek medical attention as early as possible. If you have oral cancer then getting the right kind of treatment plan will help to prevent the problem from getting worse.
Some of the questions which you should ask your doctor
- What type of cancer I have and what stage it is?
- What kind of treatment plan I will get?
- What are the possible treatment options?
- What are the possible side effects?
- How to lessen the side effects of treatment?
If you have any concerns in your mind, then feel free to consult our doctor for the best treatment plan.