Risk Factors And Types of Cancer


Risk Factors And Types of Cancer

March 30, 2020


Cancer is a group of diseases which is caused due to abnormal growth of cancer cells which rapidly divide in the body and can spread to other body parts. All over the world, this is the most common reason for death. In this guide, we are going to discuss in brief about the risk factors and type of cancer.

Cancer Growth

In the healthy body, trillions of cells grow and divide so that the body can function normally. When the old cells and new cells take place in the body, the entire process can be disrupted. The body can start producing abnormal growth cells that are caused by DNA changes.

DNA exists in the cell and they give them the instructions on how to grow and divide. Additionally, the mutations which occur, cells can correct those mistakes. If the cell is not corrected, it can become cancerous.

When the cancer cells occur in the body it will divide itself uncontrollably. The tumor can cause different health problems when they grow in the body.

But, keep in mind some are cancerous and others are not. This means some can divide in the body at a large scale whereas others will not divide themselves or spread to other body parts. You need to keep in mind to consult the best cancer doctor to get a reliable treatment plan. In case, you are looking for one then visit our cancer hospital to get a better understanding of different types of cancer, treatment plan, and how you can live your life with ease.

Different types of cancer

Cancer is named by the area from where it started and from which cell type they are made of, even if it has spread to other body parts. It means if cancer begins from the lung and then spreads to the liver then it is known as lung cancer. Some of the clinical terms used for the different cancer types are mentioned below:

  • Carcinoma is cancer that starts from the skin or the tissues which line the organs.
  • Leukemia is bone marrow cancer which helps create blood cells.
  • Myeloma and Lymphoma is cancer linked to the immune system.
  • Sarcoma is the connective tissue cancer of the muscles, bones, blood vessels, and cartilage.

What are the possible risk factors?

The main reason for cancer is a change in the DNA of the cells. In some cases, genetic mutations can be inherited. It might be possible that it can occur following birth because of the environmental factors. Some of these includes:

  • Over-exposure to the sun
  • Certain types of the virus such as PHV.
  • Smoking
  • Diet and the amount of physical regime you follow.
  • Radiation
  • Getting exposed to cancer-causing chemicals like carcinogens.
  • Age

Make sure you consult the doctor at the right time to be aware of your condition and if there is any risk then get the treatment.