The pancreas is an organ that lies in the lower part of the stomach. It is the source of enzymes and hormones that help in the digestion and management of blood sugar. This organ is not free from the clutches of cancer. When an unusual growth of tissues occurs in this organ, then it comes under the threat of cancer.
Although all growths are not cancerous, one has to be careful in diagnosing and treating the problem at the earliest. It is commonly seen that cancer in the pancreas affects the cells that form the lining of the ducts that carry digestive enzymes out of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer is hard to detect in the early stages when there are high chances of it getting cured. This happens because the condition doesn’t present any symptoms until it spreads to other organs.
The following signs and symptoms of pancreatic cancer may be seen :
- Abdominal pain which is also felt in your back
- Loss of appetite and weight loss
- The color and the whites of your eyes changes to yellow
- The stools turn light-colored
- The urine turns dark-colored urine
- Itchiness in the skin
- Newly diagnosed diabetes or difficulty in managing existing diabetes
- Formation of Blood clots
- Feeling of Fatigue
While smoking and genetics can be blamed for some of the cases, the doctors haven’t been able to identify other causes that raise the risk of pancreatic cancer. Whipple surgery is a procedure in which the head of the pancreas is removed along with the first part of the duodenum, the gallbladder, and the bile duct. While it is a difficult and demanding operation with several risks, it is a lifesaver for people with pancreatic cancer.
The following methods tests are suggested for early detection and Pancreatic Cancer Treatment–
Blood tests-people with Pancreatic Cancer may show an abnormal increase in the level of some substances like carcinoembryonic antigen. However, blood may produce a false-positive result.
Endoscopic ultrasound. –This technique may be used for people who are at high risk for pancreatic cancer by their inherited DNA. The procedure is invasive and only recommended for people who have a high number of pancreatic cancer cases in their families.
Pancreatic Cancer Treatment
Pancreatic Cancer Diagnosis
Pancreatic Cancer hospitals have specific tests for detecting Pancreatic Cancer. If the doctor suspects Pancreatic Cancer, then he may recommend the following diagnostic tests for Pancreatic Cancer Diagnosis
Computed tomography(CT scan) – A computer reconstructs the images taken by a scanner to get the complete picture of the inside of the abdomen.
Magnetic Resource Imaging (MRI): detailed images of the abdomen and its various parts like Pancreas, liver and gall bladder are created using magnetic waves.
Ultrasound: Sound waves are reflected on the organs in the abdomen to create images of the internal organs.
Positron Emission Tomography (PET scan) –It involves the injection of radioactive glucose into the veins which are absorbed by cancer cells. It helps in determining the extent to which pancreatic cancer has spread.
Pancreatic Cancer Treatment Cost varies from city to city and also depends on the individual clinic. The treatment depends on the type of Pancreatic Cancer. Let’s see what the types of Pancreatic Cancer are –
Resectable: Pancreatic Cancer which hasn’t spread much and the surgeon feels confident that it is removable by surgery is called Resectable Pancreatic Cancer.
Unresectable: Pancreatic cancer which has spread to the adjoining blood vessels of the pancreas is called unresectable. Surgical removal of this type of tumor is not possible.
Metastatic: Pancreatic cancer which shows a clear spreading to other organs is called metastatic cancer. Surgery alone cannot remove cancer.
Treatment of Resectable Pancreatic Cancer
Whipple surgery may be used for such cases. It involves the removal of the head portion of the pancreas, along with some parts of the adjoining organs.
Distal pancreatectomy: It involves the removal of some portion of the tail part of the pancreas but not the head.
Total pancreatectomy: It involves the surgical removal of the entire pancreas and the spleen.
Chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be used along with surgery for resectable and unresectable pancreatic cancer.
Treatment of Locally Advanced (Unresectable) Pancreatic Cancer
Nonsurgical therapies are best in the case of Resectable Pancreatic Cancer. The treatment mainly involves the use of chemotherapy plus or minus radiation therapy.
Treatment of Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer
Surgery and radiation can be used for controlling the symptoms. Chemotherapy may be used for improving the probability of survival and alleviating the symptoms.
Best Pancreatic Cancer doctors
stages of pancreatic cancer
According to the best Pancreatic Cancer doctors, Pancreatic cancer is divided into four stages .heres a look at the various stages of pancreatic cancer–
Stage I: It denotes that cancer has formed and is limited to the pancreas only.
Stage IA: It denotes that the tumor is 2 centimetres or smaller than 2 cm.
Stage IB: It means that the tumor is larger than 2 centimetres.
Stage II: It denotes that the Cancer has spread to nearby tissues, organs, and lymph nodes.
Stage IIA: Cancer is limited to nearby tissues and organs but has not spread to the lymph nodes.
Stage IIB: Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes along with the neighbouring tissues and organs.
Stage III: It indicates that cancer has spread to the major blood vessels adjoining the pancreas.
Stage IV: Cancer has spread to distant organs, like the liver, lung, and peritoneal cavity.
A Whipple surgery — is a surgery in which the removal of the head of the pancreas is done along with the removal of surrounding organs. It is considered as the best treatment for Pancreatic Cancer. It is widely used by the best dr for Pancreatic Cancer all over the world. We have already discussed the significance of this surgery when we discussed types of pancreatic cancer. Doctors recommend it soon after symptoms of pancreatic cancer stage 1 are evident.