Esophageal Cancer Symptoms are mentioned below:
- Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
- Chest pain or burning
- Weight loss without trying
- Worsening indigestion
- Coughing or hoarseness
However, at the early stage Esophageal Cancer will not result in symptoms. If you have persistent signs that make sure to consult the best Dr for Esophageal Cancer.
As with most cancer, the reason for Esophageal Cancer is not known. These cancer cells occur when the cells in the esophagus develop errors in the DNA. Due to the mutations (errors), the cells will grow and divide out of control. The abnormal cells form a tumor in the esophagus and they can affect the nearby structure and also spread other parts of the body. The doctor will do a different test according to which Esophageal Cancer Treatment will be given to the patient.
When you visit the Esophageal Cancer hospital the doctor will do different tests:
The doctor will pass an endoscope which is a light and thin tube. It is put down the throat to examine the esophagus. The sound waves are used to get proper results and evaluating the tumor involvement in surrounding tissues.
In this test, the doctor will take tissues or cells from the esophagus. The presence of cancer is examined under the microscope.
- Barium Swallow X-ray
In this test, the patient needs to drink a liquid that coats the esophagus. The doctor will do the X-ray and help to identify the problem.
Your doctor will ask you about your health, symptoms and risk factors. After that, you will undergo a physical examination. The doctor will do different tests to determine if cancer has spread and also the doctor will tell you the Esophageal Cancer Treatment Cost.
- Chest x-ray
The noninvasive test uses a small dose of ionizing radiation to produce pictures of the chest, heart, lungs, and chest wall.
- CT Scan
To get sharp pictures of the inside of the body CT scan is helpful.
This is inserted in the mouth or nose and helps in checking the involvement in branching airways.
A small incision is made to insert the tube in the abdomen to examine the abdominal organs. The tissue samples are taken to check the cancer spread.
In your chest, the endoscope is placed through the incision and check the chest and other organs for the cancer spread.
When you visit the best Esophageal Cancer doctors they will determine the stage as each patient is going through a different situation.
- Pathological stage (Surgical stage)
The most common stage is esophageal cancer surgery which helps in examining the tissues removed during operation.
- Clinical stage
If surgery is not possible first then the clinical stage is determined by doing the biopsy, physical examination, and imaging tests. But, this stage is more helpful in planning the treatment rather than accurately predicting what needs to be done.
- Post Neoadjuvant stage
Other treatments are done first like radiation or chemotherapy then this stage will determine the results.
The success chances of esophageal carcinoma are higher when it is treated early. Unfortunately, in most cases, when an esophageal cancer diagnosis is done then the person has already reached the advanced stage. Some of the treatment options are:
- In surgery, all or parts of the esophagus are removed.
- With radiation therapy, the cancer cells are killed.
- With chemotherapy, the cancer cells are attacked throughout the body.
- Immunotherapy helps the body’s immune system to attack the cancer cells.
- Special laser light is used to target cancer cells with photodynamic therapy.
- The Cancer cells are freezed with cryotherapy by shrinking the tumor.
- Electric current issued to destroy the harmful cancer cells with electrocoagulation.