Warning Signs of Oral Cancer
Oral cancer is one of the cancer types which occur in the tissues of the throat and mouth. This cancer is more prevalent in men as compared to women. The condition can be controlled when you visit the doctor at the right time. Read this guide to know the warning signs of oral cancer.
Oral cancer develops in the mouth or throat tissues. This can occur is the gums, tonsils, tongue, or other parts of the mouth. Every year many people are diagnosed by this cancer type. Men are more likely to develop this cancer. But, the risk of this cancer type can be minimized when you consult the cancer doctor at the right time.
If you are facing issues, then make sure to visit our cancer hospital at an early stage to get a diagnosis and best treatment plan.
Early sign of Oral Cancer
Well, there are many signs of oral cancer and with every case, it will be different. Some of the most common ones include:
- Mouth sores
- Pain which does not go away
- Red or white patches on the gums
- Patches on the mouth lining
Additional symptoms include:
- Severe swelling in the neck
- Lump in the neck
- Extreme weight loss
- Bad breath
- Feeling that something is in the throat.
- Not able to move the tongue or jaw smoothly.
- Not able to chew or swallow properly.
What increases the risk of oral cancer?
Research is not able to show the exact reason for oral cancer. But it is believed that cancer begins when there is a mutation or damage in genetics. These factors can increase the risk of oral cancer which include:
- Excessive consumption of alcohol. Oral cancer risk is more with heavy drinkers. Additionally, the risk of tobacco along with alcohol is also higher.
- Cigars, pipes, smoking cigarettes, and tobacco use can increase the risk of developing oral cancer.
- HPV (Human papillomavirus) and cancer are linked to each other. These are generally found in the tongue base, throat back, and in the tonsils.
- Another common cause is sun exposure. If the sun exposure is on the lips then the risk of oral cancer is higher. So, make sure that you apply the lip balm or cream which has SPF.
- People with age above 45 are also at increased risk of getting oral cancer.
What can be done to minimize the risk?
Mouth cancer is the most common type of cancer. One of the important things is to quit smoking. Some of the additional steps which you need to include:
- Maintain a good oral care routine.
- Eat a well-balanced diet that has fruits and vegetables.
- Make sure to clean the dentures every day and remove them at night.
- Limit sun exposure and before stepping out make sure to wear an SPF lip balm.