Everything you need to know about lung cancer types, diagnosis, and treatment
Types of Lung cancer
Health care professionals classify the lung cancer which is also called bronchogenic carcinomas because they come from bronchi within the lungs and it is further divided into 2 types:
- Small-cell lung cancers (SCLC)
SCLC compromises around 20 percent of lung cancers and these are aggressive which makes them spread quickly in lung cancer. This cancer type is linked to cigarette smoking and only 1 percent of these tumors occur in non-smokers.
The patients need to visit the best cancer hospital in Ludhiana to get an effective treatment plan.
- Non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC)
NSCLC is the common lung cancers which account for around 80 percent of all lung cancers. NSCLC is divided into different main types and they are based on the cell types which are found in the tumor.
These are the common type of NSCLC and comprise up to 50% of NSCLC. It is associated with smoking like other lung cancers, physicians see this type in nonsmokers who develop lung cancer also.
- Squamous cell carcinomas were formerly more common than adenocarcinomas; at present, they account for about 30% of NSCLC. These are also called epidermoid carcinomas and these arise in the central chest area in the bronchi.
Treatment for lung cancer
Treating lung cancer includes a team approach. Surgical oncologists are surgeons who are specialized in the removal of cancers. Lung cancer can also be treated by thoracic surgeons or general surgeons. Radiation and medical oncologist are specialists in the treatment of cancers with radiation therapy and medications.
Diagnosis of lung cancer
The doctor uses a wide range of diagnostics procedures and tests to diagnose lung cancer and accordingly treatment plan is given to you.
- The history and physical examination will reveal the presence of signs and symptoms. Also, the symptoms and risk factors for cancer development such as smoking doctors can detect the signs of breathing issues, infections, airway obstruction in the lungs and mucous membrane due to insufficient oxygen in the blood which leads to chronic disease of the lung
- Chest X-ray is the most common and first diagnostic step to check for the new symptoms. In this case, the chest X-ray procedure includes a view from the back to the front of the chest as well as a view from the side. With this, the suspicious areas in the lungs are checked to determine the cancerous areas.
- CT scans may be performed on the chest, abdomen, or brain to examine for both metastatic and lung tumors. CT scans are X-ray procedures that combine multiple images with the help of a computer to generate cross-sectional views of the body. The CT scan is sensitive to standard chest X-rays.
- MRI scans are helpful when there is a need to see the precise location of the tumor. The MRI technique uses radio waves, magnetism, and a computer to produce images of the body structure.