Everything you need to know about the treatment for prostate cancer
In this article, we have mentioned the possible treatment options for prostate cancer when you visit the best cancer hospital in Ludhiana:
Active surveillance is known as watchful waiting, but some people use these terms to describe different approaches. With this option, the man chooses not to have cancer treated actively at the current time. Every 6 months PSA levels are checked. If cancer appears to be progressing the active treatment is given.
Radiation therapy works with the use of high energy rays to damage and kill cancer cells which are used as the primary treatment for prostate cancer and an alternative to surgery. It might be possible the doctor suggested this option to improve symptoms but not for curing cancer. Radiation therapy can prove beneficial to treat bone metastases that occur due to this problem. Radiation therapy can be given internally or externally, depending on which conditions suit you the best.
Additional local therapies
Proton Beam Therapy
This is similar to conventional radiation therapy in which high energy is used to destroy cancer cells. The rays pass through the tissues directly to the tumor and stop as they continue past the prostate gland where normal tissues get damaged. This method appears to cause less damage to healthy cells.
Cryosurgery is a technique in which helium and argon are used to freeze the prostate. It is used in the operating room while men are under anesthesia. This method is used less as compared to other treatment options. This might be used after failed radiation treatment. Recovery is fast and hospital stay is shorter as compared to surgery. But, the treatment carries the risk of erectile dysfunction.
Medications help in reducing the testosterone amount present in the body or interfere with testosterone ability to act on prostate cancer cells. Hormone therapy is great for controlling the growth of cancer cells.
Chemotherapy drugs work by killing rapidly dividing cells like cancer cells and normal cells can also get affected. This is great for extending life and reducing the symptoms for men diagnosed with prostate cancer. The chemo session will include medications like:
- Taxotere (docetaxel), usually the first-choice chemotherapy drug
- Novantrone (mitoxantrone)
- Emcyt (estramustine)
- Jevtana (cabazitaxel), chemotherapy advanced form that can be used in men who become resistant to Taxotere
- Hair loss
- Bone marrow suppression
This includes a low white blood cell count (chemotherapy-induced neutropenia), a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia), and a low red blood cell count (chemotherapy-induced anemia).
- Peripheral neuropathy
Numbness, tingling, and pain in the hands and feet are common, because of drugs like Taxotere and Jevtana. Most of the chemotherapy side effects of resolve once treatments are completed
- Nausea and vomiting
Medications can control these symptoms so that men experience little or no nausea.
Consult the doctor to get the treatment plan which suits your condition and help you manage the symptoms.